Inland Birds

Discover the range of birds you may spot across Scotland.

Black Grouse

Tetrao tetrix
This is Scotland’s more common woodland grouse species.
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Crested Tit

Sterna paradisaea
From a distance, this is quite a dull coloured tit with predominantly grey-green upper parts, buff flanks and a white breast.
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Dotterel

Charadrius morinellus
A member of the plover family, the dotterel breed in the uplands.
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Red Grouse

Lagopus lagopus scoticus
This is the most common grouse, a plump medium sized bird with a short tail, rich chestnut brown plumage and white-feathered legs.
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Scottish Crossbill

Loxia scotica
This is a well-built finch with a large head and substantial beak with the distinctive crossed mandibles
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Lapwing

Vanellus vanellus
The lapwing looks black and white, on close inspection it has rich greens and shades of red on its back and wings, with an orange vent under its tail.
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Capercaillie

Tetrao urogallus
Scotland’s largest and rarest grouse species; the male is larger and, at a distance is conspicuous as it appears black.
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Chough

Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Because of its small population size and historically declining populations, the Chough is an Amber List species.
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Great Spotted Woodpecker

About blackbird-sized and striking black-and-white.
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Ptarmigan

Lagopus mutus
The ptarmigan is a plump gamebird, slightly larger than a grey partridge.
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Rook

Corvus frugilegus
Seen in flocks feeding on open ground on farmland, this large bird is a member of the crow (corvid) family and appears black at a distance.
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Snow Bunting

Snow buntings are large buntings, with striking `snowy’ plumages.
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